|Peat shelf exposed over a large area in the intertidal zone. There is a cluster of cultural material (bone and struck quartz) at 77275, 849695, and an area of submerged forest including roots, brushwood fragments, twigs and small branches at 77175, 849667.
Lower down the beach closer to the low water mark, there is a more substantial area including collapsed trunks and root systems (area of smaller trees roughly centred on 77360, 849526, an area of larger trees further down the beach still around 77361, 849437) . Rare survival of such a diverse and extensive area of preserved wood remains, and plant macrofossils (reed and reed roots) in association with archaeological material.
A possible saddle quern was found at 77232, 849629.
|In May 2018, the SCAPE Trust, UHI and local volunteers surveyed and sampled the submerged forest as well as remains of stone walls, possible buildings and other archaeological remains in the intertidal zone.
The forest comprised mostly willow with some birch and occasional Scots Pine. Radiocarbon samples from woody peat that contained tree remains returned mid-late Mesolithic dates of 6051-5914 calBC (SUERC-85846) and 6066-5931 calBC (SUERC-85850) at the base and early Neolithic dates of 4338-4084 calBC (SUERC-85851) and 4043-3947 calBC (SUERC-85852) from the top.
The archaeological remains comprised fragmentary stone walls and a possible hut circle and a unique Early Bronze Age in situ butchery site, of cut and chop marked bones of an individual bovid associated with struck quartz lithics. Radiocarbon dating of the peat below the stone walls returned a Neolithic date of 3519-3365 calBC (SUERC-85843), but the remains could be substantially younger. The peat within which the animal butchery site was buried dates to 2136-1950 calBC (SUERC-85844), and the bone itself 1875-1627 calBC (SUERC-85843).
Reference: Hambly, J and Timpany S (2019) A submerged forest, intertidal archaeology and a Bronze Age butchery site at Lionacleit. The story so far. Hebridean Naturalist Journal of Curracag Outer Hebrides Natural History Society Number 19.