Research Fellow
Tom Dawson

Tom Dawson

Tom helped to set SCAPE up in 2001 and has been working with us ever since. He has an excavation background, and has worked as a field archaeologist in a number of different countries, including Italy, Japan, France and Sri Lanka. He has always been interested in increasing public participation in archaeology and to applying varying approaches to the problems facing coastal archaeological sites.
Joanna Hambly
Joanna Hambly
Joanna is an archaeologist with a research interest in environmental and geoarchaeology and a professional background in the commercial and curatorial sectors. She has a track record of developing and managing projects that combine high quality archaeological research with a strong emphasis on public participation and engagement and brings this experience to her full time role with SCAPE.

Research Assistant
Research Assistant
Ellie Graham
Ellie Graham
Ellie is an archaeologist with a background in commercial archaeology and community archaeology, with experience of developing and delivering community-focused coastal recording projects in south Wales.

Ellie Graham
Tanya Freke
As well as helping out on site, Tanya is working with SCAPE on a range of video and photography projects. Before joining SCAPE, she completed a Masters on osteoarchaeology at the University of Southampton.


Stewart Angus is a Policy & Advice Manager in Scottish Natural Heritage, giving specialist advice on coastal habitats: sand dunes, machair, shingle, cliffs, saltmarsh and saline lagoons. He has over 30 years' experience in professional conservation, and was SNH's inaugural Area Manager for the Western Isles. During his time in his native Lewis, he was Secretary of the archaeological NGO Cearcall Chalanais, working with the University of Edinburgh in island archaeology, but with the primary (successful) objective of establishing a visitor centre near the Calanais Stones. He founded the Western Isles Natural History Society, now known as Curracag, which includes archaeology within its remit. He served two terms as Editor of the Hebridean Naturalist, and is now on the Editorial Board of the Journal of Coastal Conservation. He has written two books on the natural history of the Outer Hebrides, and has published a substantial number of scientific papers, specialising in machair and its interaction with people, and has recently begun to specialise in the study of Scotland's saline lagoons. His work on coasts and climate change involves the use of remote sensing. He is an Honorary Professor in the School of Life Sciences of Heriot-Watt University and an Hon Senior Lecturer in the Geosciences School of the University of Aberdeen.

Ian Armit is Professor of Archaeology at the University of Bradford and Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of both London and Scotland. He is a prehistorian with a particular interest in the Iron Age and has published ten books and more than 80 academic papers on various aspects of British and European prehistory. Ian has long-standing research interests in the archaeology of coastal communities in Scotland, and has excavated extensively in both Atlantic and south-east Scotland. His recent books relevant to this theme include Towers in the North: the Brochs of Scotland (Tempus 2003) and Anatomy of an Iron Age Roundhouse (Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 2006). As a former Inspector of Ancient Monuments for Historic Scotland, Ian also has a long-standing familiarity with issues relating to heritage management in Scotland.

Barbara Crawford (Chair) is Honorary Reader in Medieval History at the University of St. Andrews and is continuing to pursue her researches into the history and archaeology of the Scandinavian settlements in Scotland, and into historical contacts across the North Sea in the Middle Ages. Her study of these settlements, Scandinavian Scotland, was published in 1987, and the results of her own excavation of a medieval  log-timbered building which belonged to the kings of Norway on the island of Papa Stour in Shetland was published in 1999. She is a Member of the Norwegian Academy and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and is now working as Director of the Strathmartine Centre for Scottish History in St. Andrews, founded by an independent charitable trust established by the late Dr. Ronald Cant before his death in 1999, for supporting research and education in Scottish History. She has been a Commissioner of the RCAHMS, and also served as Chair of the Treasure Trove Advisory Panel from 1993-2003.

Ben Ferrari graduated from the Institute of Archaeology, University of London in 1987 and worked for the Archaeological Diving Unit, based in St Andrews, from 1987 until 1992. He conducted his doctoral research on formation processes associated with submerged archaeological deposits. He then joined the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England to lead the compilation of the maritime element of the National Monuments Record. This involved working with a wide-range of data-suppliers and users and also involved close liaison with the Receiver of Wreck in the development of new reporting procedures. After leaving the RCHME (now adsorbed into English Heritage) he took up various posts in the Higher Education sector and is currently Director of UniSdirect at the University of Surrey where he is responsible for research funding and commercialisation. He has been involved in developing a wide range of programmes associated with knowledge transfer, including serving on the East Scotland Objective 2 Plan Team. He has also represented the United Kingdom as an expert at both the EC

Jim Hansom is a Reader in the Department of Geographical and Earth Sciences at the University of Glasgow. He is a coastal geomorphologist with extensive research and consultancy experience in coastal environmental change, coastal erosion and coastal zone management. His recent research has included developing methodologies to analyse the rates of change to Scottish beaches and dunes and he is now working on clarifying the mechanisms of extreme wave impact on exposed shores. He has published over 100 scientific papers and 3 books. He is editor-in-chief of the Scottish Geographical Journal and is on the editorial boards of the Journal of Coastal Research, Journal of Coastal Conservation and Irish Geography. For 8 years, Jim was on Scottish Natural Heritage’s Scientific Advisory Committee and its West Areas Board, serving the last 4 as Vice-Chair. Recently, he was the principal SNH geomorphology witness in the Public Inquiry into the proposed Trump golf course at Menie, North of Aberdeen.

Mary MacLeod Rivett is a part-time lecturer in archaeology at Lews Castle College, University of the Highlands and Islands, and free-lance research archaeologist. She is a mediaeval archaeologist, with a particular interest in the Viking and Norse periods in the North Atlantic, and was formerly the Western Isles Archaeologist, with responsibility for the management of the eroding archaeology of more than 100 islands.  In that position, she organised and managed a number of coastal archaeology projects on various scales, including the Dun Eistean Archaeological Project, and the STAC Project.  She is a member of the Institute for Archaeologists, and a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

Eila Macqueen is the director of Archaeology Scotland. After graduating from Glasgow University she started a career in museums as a technical assistant at Kelvingrove Art Galleries before moving on to community-based initiatives in Caithness and Sutherland. This post led to a developmental role with Argyll and Bute Council, helping museums from Tighnabruich to Tiree and completing an MPhil with Newcastle University on community engagement in museums. Her last post was with the Northern Ireland Museums Council as Assistant Director where she gained distinction in the part-time Diploma in Management Practice course at the University of Ulster. Eila is a keen hill walker, loves all sorts of music and is a member of the Taoist Tai Chi Society.

Colin Martin is a honorary Reader in Maritime Archaeology at the University of St Andrews, where he taught for 28 years before his retirement in 2001. As an underwater archaeologist he has excavated several shipwrecks from the 16th to 18th centuries off Scotland and Ireland, including three casualties of the Spanish Armada, two small 17th century warships in the Sound of Mull, and a Dutch East Indiaman off Barra. He has published widely on these and related topics. His interest in Scotland’s historic landscapes has involved research into aspects of Roman and native interaction, early medieval burghs, and the beginnings of industrialisation. For the past eight years he has been engaged in a study of the west coast and islands as seen from a maritime perspective, and is currently investigating evidence of medieval boatbuilding in Skye.

George McQuitty spent 30 years in private practice as a solicitor on his own account and is now a part-time Consultant Solicitor and part-time Doctoral candidate at the University of St Andrews where his research interests include all aspects of the use of the outdoors as a learning and teaching environment. His studies particularly focus on the implications of the increase of regulation and mitigation of risk in outdoor pursuits and compares attitudes in Scotland with those in Norway and Canada. He undertakes tutoring within The Sustainable Development Institute, University of St Andrews in aspects of the use of the outdoor environment. He is a member of the Scottish Executive Cross Party Group on Sport with particular interest in outdoor activity and use of the outdoor environment as a learning and teaching 'room'. A qualified coastal skipper and active involved in outdoor leadership in the mountains and on the water both here in Scotland and abroad, George is an enthusiastic amateur environmentalist and naturalist. He is married, has five children and ten grandchildren.

Chris Smout is Historiographer Royal in Scotland, a former member of the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland, and also a former trustee of the National Museums of Scotland. He lives in Anstruther, Fife and has a long-standing interest in the history, archaeology and natural heritage of the coast. He is a social and environmental historian.

Robin Turner is Head of Survey and Recording at Historic Environment Scotland, where he leads a team of experts in recording Scotland’s historic environment. After more than 15 years as a field archaeologist in England he became the first National Trust for Scotland Archaeologist in 1993. As NTS Head of Archaeology he led a team of up to five professional archaeologists, until moving to the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (now HES) in 2010. Robin is an active member of the wider archaeological and historic environment community. For 10 years he was Honorary Editor of the archaeological journal Discovery and Excavation in Scotland. Robin has a broad interest in the archaeology and built heritage of Scotland, and has special interests in the archaeology of standing buildings, gardens archaeology, marine and coastal archaeology and the care of Scotland’s landscapes. He led the team that saw the World Heritage status of St Kilda extended to include the cultural landscape. Robin is committed to increasing the involvement of volunteers and of local people in the conservation and appreciation of Scotland’s historic environment.

Honorary Associate Member

Neil Galbraith has served as a Director of SCAPE for six years. Formerly a Director of Education and Leisure Services and also acting Chief Executive for the Western Isles Council, he is presently a consultant on Education systems and Policy Development. As a consultant Neil has worked abroad in Russia and the Balkan countries of Montenegro and Albania, as well as in the UK as an Interim Director and Coach/ Mentor for senior management staff in a number of Councils involved in Local Government Reform. Neil is Chair of the Lewis and Harris Building Preservation Trust and was also a member and Vice- Chair of the Historic Environment Advisory Council for Scotland HEACS). He served on the Stakeholder Advisory Group which  addressed the 'Audit of the Historic Environment' task that the Minister for Tourism, Culture and Sport remitted to Historic Scotland, as a precursor to the production of an annual report on the State of the Historic Environment in Scotland. Neil was awarded an OBE in 1997, and also an Honorary Doctorate by the Open University in 1999, for services to Education.

Christopher D Morris is Emeritus Professor at Glasgow University. He was formerly Professor of Archaeology and Vice-Principal at Glasgow University. His main research interests are Scandinavian and North Atlantic Archaeology from the Iron Age and Earlier Medieval Archaeology in Britain and Europe, especially Late Celtic and Viking Archaeology.

Anna Ritchie is a consultant archaeologist based in Edinburgh. Her research interests lie in the Neolithic of Orkney and the Picts and Vikings in Scotland generally. Her excavations in Orkney have been concerned with retrieving information from sites threatened by coastal erosion. She is a past President of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland and has served as a Trustee of both the National Museums of Scotland and the British Museum.

John Scott has farmed on Bressay and Noss, Shetland for 40 years, finding his surroundings an enduring interest. He served on the Nature Conservancy Committee for Scotland and SNH regional Boards from 1984-1997, is active in Shetland and is H M Lord-Lieutenant. He was involved in the rescue dig of the Cruester Burnt Mound and its removal to a safe site besides the Bressay Heritage Centre in 2008.

Richard Tipping is a senior lecturer in Environmental Sciences at the University of Stirling. He has been a practising specialist in palaeoecology, environmental archaeology and environmental reconstruction for the last 25 years. His principal research areas are in northern Britain, although he has also worked in the Near East. His major research interests are those of vegetation history, climate change, human impact and geomorphic activity, and the complex links between these components. He has published widely on many aspects of Late Quaternary landscape evolution in four research monographs, over 80 research papers and over 60 contributions to edited books.

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